Human Biology

Year 10
Subject Information

Human Biology is an option Science subject in the second semester of Year 10. Students must study 1 science in each semester of year 10 and may wish to study up to 4 semesters of science in total.

Level 4 or better in Year 9 Science with a Level 4 in Criteria A “Knowing and Understanding”. Entry into this course without achieving this grade will only occur by way of teacher recommendation.

Subject Description

Human is a second semester science subject that focusses on the Biology and Nutrition specialisations of the Year 10 curriculum while preparing students with introductory knowledge from the Stage 1 Biology and Nutrition curriculum. Students who wish to study SACE Stage 1 Biology, Nutrition or Psychology must study this subject at Year 10. Students will the theory of evolution through natural selection and explains how the diversity of living things is supported by a range of scientific evidence.

Biology Topics


  • Investigate some of the structural and physiological adaptations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples to the Australian environment

  • Explore natural selection including variation, isolation and selection

  • Describing biodiversity as a function of evolution

  • Investigate changes caused by natural selection in a particular population as a result of a specified selection pressure such as artificial selection in breeding for desired characteristics

  • Relate genetic characteristics to survival and reproductive rates

  • Evaluate and interpret evidence for evolution, including the fossil record, chemical and anatomical similarities, and geographical distribution of species

Body Systems

  • Investigate some of the body systems including the digestive system, circulatory system and respiratory systems

  • Exchange surfaces

  • Aerobic vs anaerobic respiration

Nutrition Topics

  • Macronutrients

  • Nutrient digestion

  • Diet related disorders

Introduction to Senior Science

  • The literacy of Science including scientific terms

  • Science Inquiry Skills

  • Deconstruction of science based society problems

Course Fees


Additional Costs

All students are encouraged to participate in a number of Science competitions, (approximately $8.00 each)

Criterion A:

Knowing & Understanding

Criterion C:

Processing and Evaluating

Criterion B:

Inquiring & Designing

Criterion D:

Reflecting on the impacts of Science

Learning Area Map